Anderson’s Mill is a good example of a water-powered gristmill, a once important element in the economy of eighteenth and nineteenth century piedmont South Carolina. Although the history of Anderson’s Mill may possibly begin in the late eighteenth century, the majority of the mill structure and its machinery are believed to date from the late nineteenth or early twentieth century. Located on the North Tyger River, Anderson’s Mill is a one-and-one-half story frame structure covered by corrugated tin siding. The structure features a low gable roof, with a projecting pent roof along the north façade. Fenestration is irregular. The eastern façade faces the river and features a metal water wheel that generates the power for the milling process. Water from the river is diverted through the wheel by a nearby lock and canal. The structure consists of a basement, main floor, and attic story. Milling machinery includes a feed mixer, self-rising mixer, scales, corn sheller, and a raised platform with a large millstone. The mill was operated commercially until 1975. Listed in the National Register November 14, 1978.
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